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Journal Articles Environmental Economics and Policy Studies Year : 2021

Quantifying Virtual Water Scarcity Risk Transfers of Energy System in China

Abstract

Water scarcity problem has become a major constraint in energy development. In this paper, we calculated virtual water flows and virtual water scarcity risk transfers driven by interprovincial energy consumption in China using multi-regional input–output analysis. The results of virtual water scarcity risk transfers show that major virtual water scarcity risk importers will be the “victims” suffering the consequences of increasing virtual water scarcity risks in the national energy system. For major virtual water scarcity risk exporters, they will transfer virtual water scarcity risks to downstream provinces along energy supply chains, threatening the stability of the national energy system. The promotion of energy policies and the energy consumption of developed regions make the water-deficient northwest regions export a large amount of water resources to the east and south regions. Therefore, it is necessary to fully consider local water scarcity and evaluate the impact on water environment before the construction of energy bases. Our findings can be used to provide a reference value for policymakers to develop new energy strategies and manage water resources sustainably.
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Dates and versions

hal-03585758 , version 1 (23-02-2022)

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Xuebing Yao, Xu Tang, Arash Farnoosh, Cuiyang Feng. Quantifying Virtual Water Scarcity Risk Transfers of Energy System in China. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2021, 23 (4), pp.945-969. ⟨10.1007/s10018-021-00308-8⟩. ⟨hal-03585758⟩

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