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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2019

Copper at the Crossroads

Abstract

The aim of this article is to assess the impact of copper availability on the energy transition and to answer the question whether copper could become critical to the power and the transport sectors due to the high copper content of low-carbon technologies compared to conventional technologies. In order to assess the copper availability by 2055, we rely on our linear programming world energy-transport model, TIAM-IFPEN. We conduct two climate scenarios (2°C and 4°C) with two mobility scenarios implemented with a recycling chain. The penetration of low-carbon technologies in the transport and energy sectors (electric vehicles and low-carbon power generation technologies) tends to significantly increase copper demand by 2055. In order to investigate how the tension over copper resources can be reduced in the energy transition context, we consider several public policy drivers: a sustainable mobility and recycling practices. Results show that in the most stringent scenario, 96.1% of the copper resources known in 2010 have to be extracted. They also pinpoint the importance of China and Chile in the future copper market evolution.
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Dates and versions

hal-03192499 , version 1 (08-04-2021)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03192499 , version 1

Cite

Clément Bonnet, Gondia Sokhna Seck, Emmanuel Hache, Marine Simoën, Samuel Carcanague. Copper at the Crossroads: Cahiers de l'Economie, Série Recherche, n° 129. 2019. ⟨hal-03192499⟩
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